Šta je koronavirus, za koji je Zavod za zdravstvo FBiH izdao upozorenje

ZABRINJAVAJUĆE Nauka o opasnom koronavirusu

Šta je koronavirus, za koji je Zavod za zdravstvo FBiH izdao upozorenje: Kako ga prepoznati i kako se zaštititi

Ovi virusi izazivaju slabe do umjerene tegobe u gornjim dišnim putevima

Koronavirusi čine veliku grupu i uobičajeno se šire među životinjama. Međutim, mogu da se šire i sa životinja na ljude.

Novi kineski koronavirus je zarazio više od 200 ljudi otkako je otkriven u Kini u decembru 2019. godine. Može da izazove upalu pluća – simptomi su tada jake tegobe pri disanju i lezije na plućima. Ono što najviše plaši to je što ne reagira na antibiotike.

Simptomi koronavirusa

Ovi virusi izazivaju slabe do umjerene tegobe u gornjim dišnim putevima, tako da liče na običnu prehladu. To znači da počne curiti iz nosa, javlja se bol u grlu, možda i glavobolja i groznica i traje nekoliko dana. Međutim, kod osoba sa slabijim imunitetom, kod starijih ljudi i male djece, postoji mogućnost da ovaj virus zahvati niže dišne organe. Tada se mogu razviti ozbiljnije bolesti, kao što su upala pluća ili bronhitis. Neki koronavirusi mogu biti smrtonosni za ljude, kakav je bio SARS, otkriven prvi put u južnoj Kini. On izaziva respiratorne tegobe, ali i dijareju, otkazivanje bubrega i probleme s disanjem. Oko deset posto zaraženih nije preživjelo SARS. MERS je, također, koronavirus, a prvi put je otkriven na Bliskom istoku 2012. godine. Tegobe s dišnim organima bile su veoma ozbiljne, pa se kod čak trećine oboljelih završilo smrtnim ishodom.

Kako se liječiti

Za koronavirus ne postoji posebno liječenje. U većini slučajeva, simptomi prolaze sami od sebe. Pacijent treba da se odmara, spava i uzima mnogo tečnosti. Međutim, istog trenutka kad simptomi prijeđu granicu obične prehlade, treba se javiti ljekaru.

Preventiva

Za sada nema vakcine protiv porodice koronavirusa, a u toku su testiranja vakcine na virus MERS.

13 thoughts on “Šta je koronavirus, za koji je Zavod za zdravstvo FBiH izdao upozorenje

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